MTB – Slang

    Are you new to Mountain Biking?

    Have you over-heard people talking about railing, nailing a berm or even braging about there clipless pedal system! 

    Well then this article is for you, I have found an article from Dirt World “live to ride” who goes on to explain the meaning of the above words along with many others.

    Full Rigid A Mountainbike with no suspension mechanism of any type.
    Full Rigid Single Speed As above, but with no gears.
    Single Speed As above but with a suspension fork on the front
    Hard Tail A Mountainbike with no suspension mechanism on the rear but a suspension fork on the front.
    Full Suspension These bikes have a suspension fork in the front, and pivots on the rear that allow the seat stay and chain stay to interact with a spring unit.
    Suspension Fork Mechanism that allows the front wheel of a mtb to move in concert with the terrain to insulate the rider from the worst of the shock and allow greater control in rough terrain.
    Sag The amount of compression measurable in suspension from the rider climbing very gently onto the bike until it is weight bearing.
    Rebound The speed at which suspension returns to it’s “at rest” position after compression.
    Lockout In front forks this is used to make the fork rigid for better out of the saddle sprinting or extended climbing.
    Auto Lockout As above but the suspension unit is smart enough to take care of it for you!
    Small Bump Sensitivity The adjustable function of suspension that allows absorption of small inputs without activating the main spring.
    Travel The range of movement accommodated by suspension.
    Dabbing The very undesirable practice of touching the ground to avoid falling on it.
    Berm A banked corner that allows the rider to maintain high speed.
    Wheel Net The growth at the edge of a non-bermed corner that catches a riders front wheel just before it all ends in tears.
    Off Camber Bend A corner that slopes away from the direction of the turn which effectively increases the degree of lean that your bike is at, thus decreasing traction available for turning input.
    Hard-Pack The heavily compressed soil encountered on well used trails.
    Trail Tread The area of a trail cleared for riding.
    Tyre Tread The pattern on a mtb tyre. Different weather and trail conditions require different tyre tread designs.
    Skidding A display of inadequate riding skill or disregard for other trail users.
    Railing Negotiating a berm in total control at high speed.
    Double Two mounds of soil designed to be jumped together using the leading slope of the first mound as the launch and the trailing edge of the second as the landing.
    Six Pack Three doubles together providing new and interesting ways to commit suicide on a mountainbike.
    Bridge Anything that leads from one thing to another that is designed to be ridden over.
    Short Course A 3 to 5 km loop with no real obstacles.
    Downhill Racing You get taken to the top by ski-lift and negotiate a very technical course to get to the bottom as fast as possible. Rider with the best time is the winner. South Africans also excel at this format of racing on the international stage.
    Airtime The amount of time you spend in the air, both wheels of the ground.
    Clipless Pedal System Comprising of a cycling specific shoe that has a rigid sole to support the foot, a cleat that attached to the bottom of the shoe aligns the bones of the foot with the pedal axle, and a pedal that the cleat clips into.
    Flats Wide supportive pedals that allow the rider to remove feet instantly (for performing tricks) and wear casual shoes (for looking cool on video) these often have adjustable grub screws for traction.
    Manual This term is used to describe lifting the front wheel off the ground and using a shift of body weight to keep it there.
    Track Stand This comes straight from the velodrome and involves keeping your feet on the pedals whilst stationary and balanced.
    Bunny Hop Both wheels come up off the ground to negotiate an obstacle.
    Step Down Obstacle that requires the front wheel to drop down a step whilst the back wheel is still at the original high level.
    Drop Off A little bigger than a step down.
    Vertical Drop Bigger yet, and usually involving a period of free fall and then rolling out onto a smooth landing.
    Step Up The exact opposite of a step down and requiring the front wheel to be lifted onto the step and then the rear wheel to be unweighted so that it can follow.
    Eating Your Greens Veering off the track and into the bushes, with or without mouth open, staying mounted or not!

    If I have left any out please let me know and I add them up, I hope you have learnt something new today!